Children's eyes are more sensitive to UV rays than adults' eyes. That's why it's crucial to protect their eyes from the dangers of the sun. A good pair of children's sunglasses are not difficult to find when you can identify the most critical aspects to consider. Indeed, the UV protection, size and shape of your children's sunglasses are essential to optimize visual comfort.
Know the risks of too much sun exposure to children's eyes
Children's eyes are sensitive to UVA and UVB rays. During childhood, the crystallin in the eye is more transparent and, therefore, less effective at blocking UV rays. As a result, the sun's harmful rays penetrate children's eyes.
The consequences of unprotected sun exposure are not immediately apparent unless you get a sunburn. The damage accumulates over the years, which can cause visual acuity to deteriorate earlier than normal.
Cataracts and macular degeneration are two examples. These eye diseases appear with age, but wearing sunglasses from childhood can delay the onset of cataracts and reduce the risk of suffering from macular degeneration.
Prolonged exposure of your child's eyes to the sun without sunglasses for kids can lead to photokeratitis, which is the equivalent of a sunburn on the eye. Rest assured, this superficial burn on the cornea has no long-term consequences. However, it can cause discomfort and a temporary loss of vision. When in doubt, book an appointment with an optometrist.
Choose sunglasses for children with excellent UV protection
Sunglasses for babies or kids that adequately protect the eyes should be labelled with a protection factor. Choose models that indicate "UV 400" or "100% UV protection."
Sunglasses that offer 100% UV protection and UV 400 for children and babies will not let UVA and UVB rays through. Therefore, these two labels ensure that your children's eyes will be thoroughly protected.
Choosing the right size sunglasses for children
The size of the sunglasses is essential because when they are too big, the rays can penetrate through the sides. To make sure the size is right for your child:
- The sunglasses should not slide down the nose
- The temples should be well-adjusted without being too tight
Choosing the right shape for your child's sunglasses
Children's sunglasses that best protect the eyes are those with a rounded shape that follows the curve of their faces. Some semi-rigid models are adapted to the form of a child's face and are very comfortable.
Once you've got all these features, you're sure to have the right pair in hand! And by opting for the right sunglasses for your child, you're helping them safely enjoy summer!