Rosacea Or Couperose

Rosacea is sometimes associated with ocular symptoms. These symptoms must be managed over a long period because they can lead to impaired vision. Rosacea is characterized by the appearance of redness on the face. It is associated with ocular symptoms in nearly 50% of cases, called "ocular rosacea." Its causes remain largely unknown. It can appear simultaneously as skin redness, before or most often after it. Both eyes are usually affected, but they can also be affected alternately.

Causes of Ocular Rosacea

Ocular rosacea is related to a dysfunction of the Meibomian glands, sebaceous glands located in the epidermis of the eyelids. These glands secrete meibum, a fatty substance that mixes with tears. In ocular rosacea, these glands become clogged, leading to inflammation of the eyes and eyelids, and causing dry eyes. 

The most common signs of ocular rosacea are:

- Dryness of the eyes,

- Conjunctivitis,

- The sensation of having a foreign body in the eye,

- Chronic itching and redness,

- Inflammation of the eyelid (blepharitis),

- Increased sensitivity to light.

When to Consult?

Ocular rosacea is a complication of rosacea that can lead to vision loss. Therefore, it is essential to consult your trusted optometrist as soon as ocular symptoms appear.