Glaucoma is a progressive and often silent eye disease that can lead to permanent vision loss if left untreated. While there is no definitive cure for glaucoma, there are several treatment options that can help slow its progression and preserve vision. Here are the different treatments available for this delicate condition. If you suspect glaucoma or have concerns about your eye health, it's advisable to consult an eye expert for an eye exam and specific recommendations.

Treatments for Glaucoma


Medication is often the first line of defense against glaucoma. They are generally prescribed in the form of eye drops and can help reduce intraocular pressure by increasing the drainage of fluid from the eye or reducing the production of this fluid. The most used types of medication include beta-blockers, adrenergic receptor agonists, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors and prostaglandin analogues.

Laser surgery

Laser surgery is another treatment option for glaucoma. There are several types of laser procedures, including laser trabeculoplasty, which aims to improve drainage of fluid from the eye by treating the drainage area known as the trabecula. Another procedure, laser cyclophotocoagulation, targets fluid-producing tissues in the eye to reduce fluid production.

Conventional surgery

In cases where medication and laser surgery are not effective, conventional surgery may be recommended. The most common procedure is trabeculectomy, during which a new passageway is created in the sclera (the white of the eye) to allow fluid to flow more freely out of the eye and thus reduce intraocular pressure.


Implants can also be used to treat glaucoma. These are usually small devices placed inside the eye to help drain fluid from the eye or reduce its production. Implants may be an option for people whose glaucoma does not respond to other treatments, or who cannot tolerate the side effects of medication. 

Combination therapy

Sometimes, a combination of several treatments is required to effectively control glaucoma. For example, a patient may require both medication and laser surgery to maintain stable intraocular pressure. Your optometrist will be able to discuss with you the most appropriate treatment plan based on the severity of your glaucoma and your response to the various interventions.

Glaucoma is a serious eye disease that requires proper management and treatment to prevent vision loss. With constant advances in the field of optometry, there are now several treatment options available to help glaucoma sufferers maintain their vision and improve their quality of life.

If you think you may have glaucoma or would like to learn more about treatment options, consult your trusted optometrist as soon as possible for a personalized diagnosis and recommendations.